Positive psychology is a relatively new direction in contemporary psychology, which focuses more on positive themes to complement the overall picture of the psyche.
American psychologist Martin Seligman, the founder of this stream declares it as the science of positive emotions (joy, happiness, love, hope) and positive life experiences and the experiences of positive individual characteristics and personality traits (optimism, resilience, sense of humor, conscientiousness, self-confidence ) and positively functioning communities and institutions. Positive psychology also deals with the recognition and use of signature strengths and focuses on research on quality of life, life satisfaction and promotes positive experience.
- Solves immediate difficult issues that we face in life and are unable to deal with alone
- Feelings of depression, anxiety, fear, anger, accompanied with helplessness and hopelessness may be present and the needed coping strategy to solve any particular issue might not be available
- The aim of crisis intervention is to calm the individual down and find some immediate strength enabling the individual to face the difficult situation and find the best possible solution.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – CBT
- The objective of CBT is to identify and understand problems in terms of the inter-relationships between thoughts, feelings and behavior.
- The cognitive component in the cognitive-behavioral psychotherapies refer to how people think about and create meaning about situations, symptoms and events in their lives and develop beliefs about themselves and others. – core beliefs.
- It works with our automatic thoughts that come up in our mind and help to find a meaning of these thoughts so as to reframe them.
- The overall aim is for the individual to attribute improvement to their problems to their own efforts in collaboration with the psychotherapist.
- The behavioral component in cognitive-behavioral psychotherapies refers to the way in which people respond when distressed.
- CBT practitioners aim to help the person feel safe enough to gradually test out their assumptions and fears while changing their behaviors primarily through gradual exposition of a feared situation or object.
- In summary – CBT aims to directly target distressing symptoms, reduce distress, re-evaluate thinking and promote helpful behavioral responses by offering problem-focused skills-based in treatment interventions.
Explores past conflicts in relation to current problems. It includes the theory that unconscious issues surface in troubling emotions and behavior in the present.
Redefines and solves problems in a short-term, goal oriented approach. Focuses on the present and future rather than the past.